Recruitment, Training, and Root Causes

Edited by James JF Forest (3 Volumes: Praeger Security International, 2005)



Order your copy using any of these links:

Praeger Security International (via the Teaching Terror Bookstore page)



NEW: Review of The Making of a Terrorist published in Parameters (the US Army War College Quarterly), Winter 2006-07, p. 129-44. Reviewed by Lieutenant Colonel Matthew W. Markel, a strategist at the Army Capabilities Integration Center.


With The Making of a Terrorist, editor James J. F. Forest of West Point’s Combating Terrorism Center and his contributors have created a useful and practical reference for commanders, planners, and analysts. As its title suggests, the three-volume set aims to provide an understanding of terrorist phenomena, focusing on the actual mechanics of terrorism. Even the volume on Root Causes, whose title suggests a fruitless search for a single, grand strategic solution, actually provides useful insight about where we can anticipate the emergence of terrorism. . . . Editor James J. F. Forest intended “to provide readers with a centralized and authoritative information source of the most essential topics of terrorist recruitment, training, and root causes,” an endeavor in which he admirably succeeded. The series derives considerable strength from the variety of perspectives it offers, from which the practitioner can select those applicable to a particular situation. The result amply justifies the light editorial touch. The appendices, which include profiles of terrorist organizations, examples of training manuals for terrorism and guerilla warfare, and other resources for study, help make this three-volume set a valuable resource.

Web version and PDF version of the complete review are available.

In this three-volume set, Forest brings together articles by over 50 international experts that address three areas: Recruitment (Volume 1), Training (Volume 2), and Root Causes (Volume 3). The word terrorism comes from the Latin terrere (to cause to tremble), explains Forest, and although there is no consensus on the modern definition of terrorism, it is commonly known as acts of politically motivated violence perpetrated against noncombatant targets by subnational groups or clandestine agents. With a special emphasis on the psychological, social, ideological, and religious aspects of terrorism recruitment....[t]his is a wise investment. - Library Journal

The Making of a Terrorist: Recruitment, Training, and Root Causes surpasses all other lighter treatments on the topic, providing the depth which makes it highly recommendable to security collections, military libraries, and more. Three weighty volumes thoroughly cover the topic....This set is an invaluable 'must' for anyone seeking more depth and detail than the usual casual reviews of problems and theories. - Midwest Book Review's California BookWatch

The library of worthwhile works on terrorism is about to grow exponentially with the publication of a massive three-volume compendium, The Making of a Terrorist, edited by James J.F. Forest, director of terrorism studies at the U.S. Military Academy. The three volumes examine, respectively, recruitment, training, and root causes. Each volume contains useful and original work by journalists, government officials, and academics. But the third book, dealing with root causes, is by far the most valuable....Who are they? Does it matter who they are, or is it enough to know what they do? What drives them? We don't seem any closer to the answers than we were on September 10, 2001, but at least now, with the help of work such as that represented in The Making of a Terrorist, we're beginning to ask the questions. - Wilson Quarterly

Click here for the complete review of this publication in the Wilson Quarterly (Winter 2006)







Editor's Note
Preface to Volume I

1. Introduction to The Making of a Terrorist, Volume I: Recruitment

James JF Forest

2. Innovative Recruitment and Indoctrination Tactics by Extremists:
Video Games, Hip Hop, and the World Wide Web
Madeleine Gruen
3. Prisons as Terrorist Breeding Grounds J. Michael Waller

4. Communication and Recruitment of Terrorists

Brigitte L. Nacos

5. Terrorist Dot Com: Using the Internet for Terrorist Recruitment and Mobilization

Gabriel Weimann

6. Education and Radicalization: Jemaah Islamiyah Recruitment in Southeast Asia

Zachary Abuza
7 Recruitment for Rebellion and Terrorism in the Philippines Joseph Felter

8. The New Children of Terror Peter W. Singer

9. Hamas Social Welfare: In the Service of Terror

Matthew Levitt

10. Terrorism, Gender and Ideology: A Case Study of Women who Join the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Columbia (FARC) Keith Stanski
11 The Making of Suicide Bombers: A Comparative Perspective

Ami Pedahzur and
Arie Perliger

12. Unresolved Trauma and the Thirst for Revenge: The Retributional Terrorist

Raymond H. Hamden


13. Political and Revolutionary Ideologies

Leonard Weinberg

14. The Role of Religious Ideology in Modern Terrorist Recruitment

J.P. Larsson

15. Christian Fundamentalism and Militia Movements in the U.S.

James Aho

16. Political Islam: Violence and the Wahhabi Connection Maha Azzam

17. Jihad Doctrine and Radical Islam: Truths and Myths

Jarret Brachman

18. Zionism and the Pursuit of West Bank Settlements

Allan C. Brownfeld

Appendix A: Profiles of Terrorist Organizations
Appendix B: Al Qaeda Declarations of War



Preface to Volume II

1. Introduction to The Making of a Terrorist, Volume II: Training

James JF Forest

2. "When Hatred is Bred in the Bone": The Socio-Cultural Underpinnings of Terrorist Psychology Jerrold M. Post

3. Training for Terrorism Through Selective Moral Disengagement

Albert Bandura

4. Cults, Charismatic Groups and Social Systems: Understanding the Behavior of Terrorist Recruits

Marc Galanter and
James JF Forest

5. The Psychological Power of Charismatic Leaders in Cults and Terrorist Organizations

Arthur Deikman

6. Teaching Terrorism: Dimensions of Information and Technology James JF Forest
7. Mediated Terrorism: Teaching Terror through Propaganda and Publicity

Brigitte Nacos


8. Training for Urban Resistance: The Case of the Provisional Irish Republican Army

Brian A. Jackson

9. Teaching New Terrorist Recruits: A Review of Training Manuals from the Uzbekistan Mujahideen

Martha Brill Olcott and Bakhtiyar Babajanov

10. Learning to Die: Suicide Terrorism in the 21st Century

Adam Dolnik

11. The Al Qaeda Training Camps of Afghanistan and Beyond

Rohan Gunaratna and Arabinda Acharya

12. The Bosnian Mujahideen: Origins, Training and Implications Evan Kohlmann

13. Indoctrination Processes Within Jemaah Islamiyah

Kumar Ramakrishna

14. Christian Militia Training: Arming the "Troops" with Scripture, the Law and a Good Gun

Cindy Combs, Elizabeth A. Combs and Lydia Marsh

15. The Hizballah Training Camps of Lebanon

Magnus Ranstorp

16. Training for Terror in the Jungles of Colombia

Román David Ortiz

17. The Making of Aum Shinrikyo's Chemical Weapons Program

John V. Parachini

18. Terrorist Training Centers Around the World: A Brief Review

James JF Forest
Appendix: Examples of Training Manuals for Terrorism and Guerilla Warfare



Preface to Volume III

1. Introduction to The Making of a Terrorist, Volume III: Root Causes

James JF Forest


2. Instability and Opportunity: The Origins of Terrorism in Weak and Failed States

Erica Chenoweth

3. Superpower Foreign Policies: A Source for Global Resentment

Paul R. Pillar

4. A Failure to Communicate: American Public Diplomacy and the Islamic World

Hassan Abbas

5. The Complex Relationship Between Global Terrorism and U.S. Support for Israel

Ruth Margolies Beitler

6. Political Repression and Violent Rebellion in the Muslim World

Mohammed M. Hafez

7. Rejection of Political Institutions by Right Wing Extremists in the United States

Eugenia K. Guilmartin


8. Religious Sources of Violence

Susanna Pearce

9. Terrorism and Doomsday

Michael Barkun

10. Fueling The Fires: The Oil Factor in Middle Eastern Terrorism

Michael T. Klare

11. Socioeconomic and Demographic Roots of Terrorism

Paul R. Erhlich and
Jianguo (Jack) Liu

12. The Intersection of Terrorism and the Drug Trade Vanda Felbab-Brown

13. Terrorism and Export Economies: The Dark Side of Free Trade

Michael Mousseau


14. Terrorism, Interdependence and Democracy

Benjamin R. Barber

15. Human Security and Good Governance: A Living Systems Approach to Understanding and Combating Terrorism

Cindy R. Jebb and Madelfia A. Abb

16. Terrorism and the State: The Logic of Killing Civilians

Clark McCauley

17. Digging Deep: Environment and Geography as Root Influences for Terrorism

P. H. Liotta and James F. Miskel

18. Dealing with the Roots of Terror

Karin von Hippel

Appendix: Recommended Resources for the Study of Terrorism
Index to Terrorist Groups
General Index


For more information, please see the Publisher's Website or (via the Teaching Terror Bookstore page)




Dr. James JF Forest is the Director of Terrorism Studies and an associate professor at the United States Military Academy, where he teaches courses on terrorism and counterterrorism, information warfare and foreign policy, and directs several research initiatives for the Combating Terrorism Center at West Point. He has published nine books on a variety of topics, including Teaching Terror: Strategic and Tactical Learning in the Terrorist World (Rowman & Littlefield, 2006), The Making of a Terrorist: Recruitment, Training and Root Causes (Praeger, 2005), and Homeland Security and Terrorism: Controlling the Security Environment (McGraw-Hill, 2005), as well as articles in the Cambridge Review of International Affairs, Democracy and Security and the Journal of Political Science Education. Dr. Forest also serves as a guest lecturer for several government agencies in the U.S. and Europe, and maintains a top secret security clearance. He holds degrees from De Anza College, Georgetown University, Stanford University, and Boston College.



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