WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION
AND TERRORISM

Edited by
James J.F. Forest and Russell D. Howard


Second Edition

(New York: McGraw-Hill, 2012)
821 Pages. ISBN-13: 9780078026225

 

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Table of Contents

Preface

Introduction to Section One

Introduction to Section Two

Introduction to Section Three

Introduction to Section Four

Introduction to Section Five

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS
[ click here for PDF version ]

 

Foreword
   Michael Sheehan, Assistant Secretary of Defense for Special Operations and Low-Intensity Conflict

Preface       [ click here for PDF version ]
   James J.F. Forest and Russell D. Howard


I. CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORKS

   
  Introduction to Unit One       [ click here for PDF version ]
   

1.1

Definitions, Trends, and the Concept of "New Terrorism"

The New Terrorism and Weapons of Mass Destruction
   Russell D. Howard and Margaret J. Nencheck

The New Age of Terrorism
   Brian Michael Jenkins

   

1.2

The Nature of the Post-9/11 WMD Terrorism Threat

CBRN Terrorism Post-9/11
   Bruce Hoffman

  Opportunities and Limitations for WMD Terrorism
   James J.F. Forest

WMD and Lessons from the Anthrax Attacks
   Leonard A. Cole

   


II. WEAPONS AND MOTIVATIONS

   
  Introduction to Unit Two       [ click here for PDF version ]
   

2.1

Chemical Weapons

Chemical Warfare Agents, Industrial Chemicals, and Toxins
   National Academies and Department of Homeland Security

Chemical Terrorism: Assessing Threats and Responses
   Jonathan Tucker

   

2.2

Biological Weapons

  Human Pathogens, Biotoxins and Agricultural Threats
   National Academies and Department of Homeland Security
  History of Biological Weapons: From Poisoned Darts to Intentional Epidemics
   James W. Martin, George W. Christopher, and Edward M. Eitzen
  The Bioterror Pipeline: Big Pharma, Patent Expirations, and New Challenges to Global Security
   Brian Finlay
  Innovation's Darker Future: Biosecurity, Technologies of Mass Empowerment and the Constitution
   Benjamin Wittes
   

2.3

Radiological Weapons

  Dirty Bombs and Other Devices
   National Academies and Department of Homeland Security
  Assessing Radiological Weapons: Attack Methods and Estimated Effects
   Charles D. Ferguson and Michelle M. Smith
   

2.4

Nuclear Weapons

  Nuclear Attack
   National Academies and Department of Homeland Security
  The Characteristics of Nuclear Terrorist Weapons
   Morten Bremer Maerli, Annette Schaper, and Frank Barnaby
  The Seven Myths of Nuclear Terrorism
   Matthew Bunn and Anthony Wier
  The Atomic Terrorist?
   John Mueller
   

2.5

Case Studies

  Unraveling the A. Q. Khan and Future Proliferation Networks
   David Albright and Cory Hinderstein
  The North Caucasus Conflict and the Potential for Radiological Terrorism
   Jeffrey M. Bale
  Chlorine Gas: An Evolving Hazardous Material Threat and Unconventional Weapon
   Robert Jones, Brandon Wills and Christopher Kang
   


III. CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE DIMENSIONS

   
  Introduction to Unit Three       [ click here for PDF version ]
   

3.1

Public Spaces, Transportation Networks and Other Critical Infrastructure

  Assessing the Threat to Critical Infrastructure
   Gary Ackerman, Jeffrey Bale, Kevin Moran
  Mass Transit Security
   Homeland Security & Defense Business Council (Liddy Heneghan, lead author)
   

3.2

Food Security and Agricultural and Terrorism

  Chemical and Biological Threats against Public Water Systems
   John McNabb
  Biological Attack on Agriculture: Low-Tech, High-Impact Bioterrorism
   Mark Wheelis, Rocco Casagrande, and Laurence V. Madden
   

3.3

Nuclear Reactors

  Nuclear Terrorism: Reactors and Radiological Attacks after September 11
   Gavin Cameron
  Terrorism Potential for Research Reactors compared with Power Reactors
   George Bunn and Chaim Braun
   


IV. RESPONDING TO THE THREAT

   
  Introduction to Unit Four       [ click here for PDF version ]
   

4.1

Strategy and Policy

Proliferation Control Regimes: Background and Status
   Mary Beth Nikitin, Paul Kerr, Steven Hildreth

A Counter-WMD Strategy for the Future
   Albert J. Mauroni

  Preemptive Military Doctrine: No Other Choice
   Russell D. Howard
   

4.2

Intelligence

Self-Defense and the Limits of WMD Intelligence
   Matthew C. Waxman

  Minding Our Business: The Role of the Private Sector in Managing the WMD Supply Chain
   Brian Finlay
   

4.3

Response and Resilience

The Day After: Action Following a Nuclear Blast in a U.S. City
   Ashton B. Carter, Michael M. May and William J. Perry

  Understanding Citizens Response to Disasters with Implications for Terrorism
   Ronald W. Perry and Michael K. Lindell
   

4.4

Unique Challenges of Responding to Bioterrorism Threats and Attacks

  Developing Immunity: The Challenges in Mandating Vaccinations in the Wake of a Biological Terrorist Attack
   Lea Ann Fracasso
  Environmental Decontamination Efforts Following a Large-Scale Bioterrorism Attack
   Crystal Franco and Nidhi Bouri
  Tracing an Attack: The Promise and Pitfalls of Microbrial Forensics
   Gregory D. Koblentz and Jonathan B. Tucker
  Public Trust, Public Health, and Public Safety: A Progressive Response to Bioterrorism
   Sam Berger and Jonathan D. Moreno
   

4.5

Case Studies

Detecting and Disrupting Illicit Nuclear Trade after A.Q. Khan
   David Albright, Paul Brannan and Andrea Scheel Stricker

  Anthrax 2001: Observations on the Medical and Public Health Response
   Elin Gursky, Thomas V. Inglesby and Tara O'Toole

Consequence Management in the 1995 Sarin Attacks on the Japanese Subway System
   Robyn Pangi

An All Hazards Training Center for a Catastrophic Emergency
   Xavier Stewart


V. ASSESSING THE FUTURE WMD THREAT

   
  Introduction to Unit Five       [ click here for PDF version ]
   

5.1

Predicting Peril or the Peril of Prediction? Assessing the Risk of CBRN Terrorism
   Gregory D. Koblentz

5.2

Threat Convergence: A Framework for Analyzing the Potential for WMD Terrorism
   Joshua Sinai and James Forest

5.3

Emerging WMD Technologies
   Forrest Waller and Michael George

5.4

Conclusion: Appreciating the Past and Present, Anticipating the Future
   Adam Dolnik and James Forest


APPENDIX

A-1

Prevention of WMD Proliferation and Terrorism Report Card (January 2010)
   Commission on the Prevention of Weapons of Mass Destruction Proliferation and Terrorism

   

A-2

National Strategy for Counterterrorism (June 2011)

   

A-3

National Strategy for CBRNE Standards (May 2011)

   
  Credits
  Index
   

 

ABOUT THE EDITORS

  James J.F. Forest is an associate professor at the University of Massachusetts Lowell, where he teaches undergraduate and graduate courses on terrorism, weapons of mass destruction and security studies. He is also a senior fellow with the Joint Special Operations University, where he conducts research and training for U.S. Special Operations Forces personnel. Dr. Forest served on the faculty at West Point for 9 years, most of it (2004-2010) as the Director of Terrorism Studies. In addition to many scholarly journal articles and reports, he has published 14 books including Influence Warfare (2009), Countering Terrorism and Insurgency in the 21st Century (2007), Teaching Terror (2006), and The Making of a Terrorist (2005). Dr. Forest also serves as a guest lecturer for several government agencies in the U.S. and Europe, and maintains a top secret security clearance. He holds degrees from De Anza College, Georgetown University, Stanford University, and Boston College.
     
  Brigadier General Russell D. Howard (Retired) was a career Special Forces officer and founding director of the Combating Terrorism Center at the U.S. Military Academy, West Point. He is also the former Director of the Jebsen Center for Counter-terrorism Studies at the Fletcher School at Tufts University. Presently, General Howard is an Adjunct Professor of Terrorism Studies at the Monterey Institute of International Studies. His recent publications include Terrorism and Counterterrorism: Understanding the New Security Environment-Readings and Interpretations 3rd Edition, (2012), Defeating Terrorism: Shaping the New Security Environment (2004), and Homeland Security and Terrorism: Readings and Interpretations (2005), all published by McGraw-Hill.
     
 

-- Foreword Author --

AMB Michael A. Sheehan was confirmed by the Senate in November 2011 as the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Special Operations and Low-Intensity Conflict. He is formerly the CEO and founding partner of Lexington Security Group. Sheehan has had a thirty-year career of public service, much of it involving counter terrorism, unconventional warfare, peacekeeping and law enforcement. He has served with distinction as a U.S. Army Special Forces officer, a White House aide for two Presidents, a senior diplomat at the State Department and the United Nations, and finally as the head of counter terrorism for the New York City Police Department.

 

Note: Information about the First Edition of this book, published in 2007, is also available here

For lecture slides from Dr. Forest's 2012 Advanced Seminar on WMD and Terrorism, click here

 

 

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Dr. James Forest. E-mail: jjfforest at gmail